Example 4: Merging an executable with a non-executable schema

Another option when merging schemas is to take an existing executable schema and add type definitions to it. Then, when merging the schemas the resolvers of the new type definitions can delegate to the existing executable schema.

Consider the following two schemas:

Schema A:

const typeDefs = `
  type Query {
    greeting: Greeting

  type Greeting {
    text: String

const resolvers = {
  Query: {
    greeting: () => ({text: null})
  Greeting: {
    text: root => 'A fine day, good sir!'
const schemaA = makeExecutableSchema({ typeDefs, resolvers })

Schema B (non-executable, only type definitions in SDL):

const additionalTypeDefs = `
  type Query {
    message: Message

  type Message {
    text: String

Now, when merging the two schemas, the message root field on schema B can be delegated to schema A's root field greeting:

const { makeExecutableSchema, mergeSchemas } = require('graphql-tools')
const { schemaA, additionalTypeDefs } = require('./schemas')

const mergedSchema = mergeSchemas({
  schemas: [schemaA, additionalTypeDefs],
  resolvers: mergeInfo => ({
    Query: {
      message: (root, args, context, info) => mergeInfo.delegate(

mergeInfo exposes a function called delegate. This delegate function can be used to write a resolver and forward its execution to another root field in one of the merged schemas.

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